How do I make protocol methods optional in Objective-C?

Imagine you have a protocol in Obective-C.

@protocol ABCRocket

- (void)start;

@end

What if you want to make some properties or methods optional? You can use the optional keyword.

@protocol ABCRocket

- (void)start; // Required

@optional

- (double)speed; // Optional

@end

Not all objects to implement the protocol will have the -speed method. Trying to call -speed on those objects will crash the program, so we should check if the object implements -speed first.

if ([foo respondsToSelector:@selector(speed)]) {
      // Foo has the -speed method. Do something awesome!
}

It’s simple and easy.

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